Vermouth, vermú, or vermut, comes from the German wermut, which means absinthe or absinthe. It is a wine that is macerated in herbs and is usually served as aperitifs.
It is a typically European wine, and there are two types, red and white.
Without going into specific details of each type of vermouth, in general vermouth has to have a base of 75% wine, to which aromatic and bitter substances, alcohol, sugars, etc. are added. It must also have a minimum of 15.5% alcohol, and 13% sugar.
Its origin dates back to Greece, and it is said that it was invented by Hippocrates, a Greek physician and philosopher who was born in 460 BC, by macerating wine with wormwood flowers and dittany leaves.
The arrival of vermouth to Spain took place at the end of the 19th century, by the hand of the Italian Perucchi, who in 1860 brought his recipe and began to produce it in Barcelona, which is why Catalonia is considered the cradle of vermouth in Spain.
With the passage of time, the word vermouth acquired a generic meaning to define the aperitif.
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